Spoluautoři SAMOLEJOVÁ Andrea, LAMPA Martin, GAJDA Jakub, VILAMOVÁ Šárka, KUTÁČ Josef, VOZŇÁKOVÁ Iveta

Current development in the production and consumption of energy is not sustainable in the long term, since energy consumption is constantly increasing, along with the accompanying high emissions of pollutants and greenhouse gases, related to increased negative impacts on the environment and human health. Metallurgy of iron is inherently a branch with high energy and raw material demands. With increasing competition, declining demand from the main consumers of steel as a result of recession, rising prices of energy inputs and, last but not least, the environmental pressure, the producers of steel are forced to look for savings in energy consumption with ever increasing intensity. Potential energy savings and the utilization of secondary energy sources in the metallurgical industry are somewhat different than in other sectors, because the greatest energy savings often don´t come from direct efforts to reduce energy consumption, but rather from the realization of other objectives, such as improving production quality, or reducing production costs. The metallurgical sector has a large potential for savings, but their achievement should be focused more on the structure of metallurgical production, rather than on small savings in existing metallurgical plants. The article presents possible areas of innovation in Czech metallurgical plants, which could lead to a reduction in energy demands of metallurgical production.