ZWOLIŃSKA Bożena AGH w Krakowie

Each manufacturing company, along with producing goods, creates waste. Depending on the technologies used and the complexity of the production processes, there can be a variety of waste sources, as well as different kinds of waste. Current legal regulations require companies to manage and to neutralize their waste. Waste management involves the creation of a complex system of collection, segregation, and neutralization of waste directly from the source. The steel mill presented in this article uses divergent and multiphase production processes, and consequently their waste management system is highly complex and comprises of multiple interconnected subsystems. Taking into consideration a full production cycle steel mill (as in our example), where the production technologies are shaping the streams of generated waste, we can distinguish among dozens types of residues. The priority of an ecological approach is, first and foremost, prevention which includes reduction and elimination of generated waste mass.

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